Hawker Demon

Hawker Demon

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Hawker Demon was developed from the Hawker Hart bomber to address the Royal Air Force's (RAF) lack of a fast fighter aircraft, the Demon went into production for the RAF in 1932, with a total of 304 aircraft eventually produced.

In August 1934 the Australian Government ordered 18 Hawker Demons for the RAAF. Powered by a Rolls Royce Kestrel Mk V engine, these aircraft were for use as general purpose/fighter aircraft. Subsequently a further 36 were purchased for army co-operation and fighter-bomber duties and another 10 for target towing and training duties, with the 64 Demons serving with Nos 1, 2, 3, 12 and 22 Squadrons and No 1 Communications Unit.

On the eve of World War II, the 54 Demons still in operational service were progressively replaced by CAC Wirraways, for use in the training and communications roles, and the last of the Demons were eventually phased out by the end of the war.

General characteristics

Type:                                                      Two-seat fighter.
Engine:                                                   One 560 hp Rolls Royce Kestrel V12 liquid cooled engine.
Weight: empty:                                      1505 kg (3319 lb)
Weight loaded:                                      2117 kg (4668 lb).
Wingspan:                                              11.4 m (37 ft 3 in)
Length:                                                   9 m (29 ft 7 in)
Height:                                                   3.2 m (10 ft 5 in)

Performance

Max speed:                                            293 km/h (182 mph)
Service Ceiling:                                      27,500 ft (8382 m)
Endurance:                                            2.5 hours.

Armament

Guns:                                                      2 x Vickers 0.303 inch machine guns firing forward
                                                               1 x 0.303 inch Lewis gun firing aft
Bombs:                                                   Light bombs carried under the wings.

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