Hawker Hurricane

Hawker Hurricane

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Hawker Hurricane was the first British monoplane fighter and the first British combat aircraft to exceed 300 mph. The Hurricane first flew in November 1935 and was the first of more than 14,000 aircraft. In the Battle of Britain Hurricanes shot down more enemy aircraft than all other air and ground forces combined. The Hurricane excelled as a "tank-buster" when it was fitted with twin 40mm cannons. Overseas, RAF serial numbered Hurricanes were flown by RAAF Nos 3, 450 and 451 Squadrons in the Middle East and North Africa. In 1941 the British Government presented a Hawker Hurricane Mk I fitted with tropical equipment to Australia. The RAAF allocated serial A60-1 but the Hurricane retained its RAF number V7476. The aircraft was erected at No 1 Aircraft Depot in August 1941 and joined Central Flying School (CFS) on 6 September 1941, where it was used for familiarisation flights and war-loan demonstrations. In mid-1942, the Hurricane was transferred to No 2 Communication Flight. Between 1943 and 1946 the Hurricane operated mainly with No 1 Communication Unit and Central Flying School. In 1946 the Hurricane was transferred to Point Cook where it remained until sold on 27 January 1951.

General characteristics

 Crew:                                                     1
Length:                                                   32 ft 3 in (9.84 m)
Wingspan:                                             40 ft 0 in (12.19 m)
Height:                                                   13 ft 1½ in (4.0 m)
Empty weight:                                       5,745 lb (2,605 kg)
Max takeoff weight:                             8,710 lb (3,950 kg)
Powerplant:                                           1× Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V-12, 1,185 hp at 21,000 ft (883 kW at 6,400 m)

Performance

Maximum speed:                                   334 mph at 21,500 ft (505 km/h at 5,400 m)
Range:                                                    600 mi (965 km)
Service ceiling:                                       36,000 ft (10,970 m)
Rate of climb:                                         2,780 ft/min (14.1 m/s)
Wing loading:                                         29.8 lb/ft² (kg/m²)

Armament

Guns:                                                       8 × 0.303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns

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